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History has proven that despite wars and economic crisis there is no evidence that the advance of globalization has led to unemployment in advanced industrial societies. Authors such as David Brooks and Thomas Friedmann argue that globalization “is the chief process driving our acts”. At first, the phenomenon of globalization can be understood as a multidimensional trend, with each aspect; economic, military, cultural, technological, political and environmental, requiring particular attention.
Even film entered into the debate over the effects caused by globalization. For example, the movie “The International”, a thriller that has its hero an Interpol investigator seeking to unravel the intricacies of a conspiracy involving bankers and arms dealers to Africa countries. The villain of history is “the system”, international capitalism, where money circulates with impunity. Another example, is the documentary “The Shock Doutrine”, based on a book written by Naomi Klein, a Canadian filmmaker, which shows how Neo-liberalism took a crisis to implement projects for economic deregulation and the transfer of money from the public to the private sector. Finally, a movie made by Canadian director Richard Brouilette, called “L’encerclement”, which is a fierce critique of the neoliberal agenda, interviews a long line of intellectuals and critics of globalization activists. In summary, Brouillete sees in large corporations and international financial organizations like World Bank and IMF(International Monetary Fund) a network of conspiracy in influential business and the concentration of wealth in few hands.
Finally, how to deal with the problems created by globalization such as poverty and the high number of unemployed among immigrants in Canada, Australia and England? Perhaps the best answer was already given by the economist John Maynard Keynes in the decade of the 1930, when he claimed that besides the interference of the State in times of crisis it would be effective to create conditions to enable the initiative and creativity in democratic economies. We must fight for implementing a Human Rights agenda which is more consistent and rational. Just pay attention to the divergences between Barack Obama and Stephen Harper analyzed in the excellent article “Globalization 3.0″ written by John Ibbitson, quoted here. Ibbitson reminds us that the United States are worried about themselves and the American tendency from now on is to participate effectively in this “war currency” with all the advantages possible not caring about the consequences that provoke in several economies.
There are many divergences on the future that global economies will have. Experts like Kevin Carmichal, a Canadian journalist at The Globe and Mail newspaper wrote an article called “The G-20′s Modest Task:Bringing Order Out of Global Chaos” in which his central point is quoted here.”The G-20 is a chaotic assembly that is still figuring out how work together. The Bretton Woods negotiations amounted to economist John Keynes, representing Britain, trying to dislodge the United States from its initial position> No one country dominates today as the U.S. did after the war. Mr. Keynes was supremely frustrated by the Americans, but it is by no mean obvious that he would fare any better in today’s menagerie of competing global interests.”(The Globe and Mail, Monday, November 8, 2010).
However, it is not a good idea to finish this article in a pessimist line. As much as authors like the theme of globalization, also believe in a human being as the “instrument” that could change the trajectory of this process that currently appears to confuse and contradict. Everything depends on how the leaders understand the need for social reforms and to identify priorities and finally puts them into practice. On the other hand, countries like Canada and Australia worry social scientists because the issue of multiculturalism in Canada for example, seems to function more as a barrier than as a process of integration. Here there is a strong trend of isolation by those immigrants who come from countries with little democratic tradition, and are significant in number. That can create a enormous problem to Canada to build an effective “agenda” in the future. There is no doubt that Canada and Australia are countries that have strong participation in the process of globalization. Immigrants urgently need to understand that their participation in the political process generated by globalization is an effective way to generate a new type of globalization not only centered in the economic trend, the easiest of all, but a process in which the concept of citizenship is no longer just a concept, an abstract idea without practicality or just to help them to get a Canadian passport. In short, a “citizenship on account of globalization”, why not?